In another step forward of adapting the Unified Model (UM), a sophisticated 3D atmosphere model, to the extreme conditions of hot Jupiter exoplanets a new paper from our group explains the alterations to the radiative transfer scheme.
This latest paper by David Skålid Amundsen (http://arxiv.org/pdf/1402.0814.pdf) tests the Edwards-Slingo radiation scheme when applied to hot Jupiter type atmospheres. It utilises two approximations; one for the radiative transfer itself, the two stream approximation, and one for the opacity source of the atmosphere, the correlated k-method. The two stream approximation simplifies matters by assuming that radiation only travels in two directions, up and down. The correlated k-method involves a specific way of averaging millions of separate lines of a very high-resolution data set which describes how the radiation interacts with molecules in the atmosphere. Tackling this data-set fully would require an infeasible amount of computing time and the correlated k-method reduces this.
This study updated the molecular line list, used to calculate the opacity of the atmosphere, to be suitable for high temperatures of hot Jupiter atmospheres. Subsequent tests of this updated radiation scheme with a detailed (slow) model, Atmo, showed that these two approximations introduce no more than 10% error into the heating rates, yet reduce computation time by a factor of ~100.
These tests show the adaptations of the radiation scheme to high temperatures have resulted in a fast yet accurate radiative transfer model. The next stages will be to couple this radiation scheme with the UM to investigate the coupled effects dynamics and radiation in a 3D model.